Organised crime groups spot opportunities during quarantines and governments working on full capacity to act. What is striking these days? Well, in the middle of difficulty lies a sinister opportunity for cartels, gangs, mafia groups, and rebels around the globe.
In 2019 Poland celebrated the 30th anniversary of political and economic transition. Although, 1989 was a year of unprecedented changes, the transformation of the economic system, which includes the development of different institutions, did not happen at once. Instead, it was a long-term process initiated at the beginning of communism in 1944. This paper is an attempt to analyze the development of Polish economic system since the early days of centrally-planned economy until 2019. A special focus is given to the key policies introduced by each government which were determining the institutional arrangements in different periods. The analysis includes also the effects of those changes on the country’s economic performance and well-being of the society. As the information presented in this paper comes from a variety of sources, it includes opinions on those effects presented by different economists which are not always coincident. In such cases both views are being discussed. The last part summarizes the characteristics of main institutions shaping Polish economy in three different periods of time.
It is no ordinary Monday here in Barcelona, but the beautiful day of Saint Jordi. And as most of the national holidays do, this special day, too, has a legend of its own. The legend […]
GLOCAL Sounds 001 is a compilation of the tracks that exmeplify the first months of our adventure in Glasgow. They are a small sample of the deep reach of cultural interconnectedness (though there are some regions […]
Anything sweet after a meal, be it a smoothie or a chocolate lava cake, falls under the ‘dessert’ category for me, and this unorthodox belief system has opened for me the enchanting door of enormous […]